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Hurng Jyuhn Wang

PERSONAL

Current status:

Graduate Institute of Public Administration

Address:

National Dong Hwa University 
1, Sec. 2, Da Hsueh Rd., Shou-Feng, Hualien, Taiwan

Post code: 97401

E-mail:

hjwang@mail.ndhu.edu.tw

TEL:

886-3-8903327

FAX:

886-3-8903327


EDUCATION

Ph.D:

School of Natural Resources and Environment 
The University of Michigan-Ann Arbor (1988-1994)
Major: Natural Resource and Environmental Policy
Minor: Economics
Dissertation: Sustainable Development for Taiwan: Influences of Energy and Energy-Use Pollution

M.A.:

Department of Economics
The University of Michigan-Ann Arbor (1989-1990)
Major: Natural Resource and Environmental Economics

M.S.:

Department of Forestry, Agriculture College
Major: Forest Management
National Taiwan University (1982-1984)
Thesis: Analyses of Members' Attitude of Taiwan Forest Bureau

B.S.:

Department of Forestry, Agriculture College 
National Chung-Hsing University (1978-1982)


HONOR

Fulbright Scholar Award (2002-2003), Foundation for Scholarly Exchange, Fulbright Taiwan

Senior Research Scholar Award (2008), Exchange Association of Japan


EXPERIENCE

Period

Administrative position

02/09-01/11

Dean, General Education, National Chia Yi University, Chia Yi, Taiwan

08/10-01/11

Director, Graduate Institute of Public Policy, National Chia Yi University, Chia Yi, Taiwan

02/05-07/08

Director, Graduate Institute of Public Administration, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan

08/00-02/02

Dean of General Affairs, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan

08/99-07/02

Director, Graduate Institute of Environmental Policy, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan

Period

Visiting Position

10/09-11/09

Visiting Senior Research Fellow, School of Environmental Studies, Okayama University, Japan

09/02-08/03

Visiting Professor, School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Yale University, USA.

Period

Academic Position

02/11-present

Professor, Graduate Institute of Public Administration, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien , Taiwan

08/01-01/11

Professor, Graduate Institute of Environmental Policy, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan

08/99-07/01

Associate Professor, Graduate Institute of Environmental Policy, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan

08/96-07/99

Associate Professor, Graduate Institute of Natural Resources Management, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan

07/94-07/96

Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Natural Resources Management, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan

09/90-12/90

Teaching Assistant, The University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and Environment, Ann Arbor, Michigan

01/89-04/90

Research Assistant, The University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and Environment, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Period

Other Service

09/86-12/87

Senior Forester, Tai-Chung County Government, Department of Agriculture, Fong-Yuan city, Taiwan

09/84-08/86

Second Lieutenant, Platoon Commander, Chinese Army


RESEARCH INSTERESTS

Human ecosystem model of emphasis placed on how to investigate reciprocal relationships between human society and natural environment and most importantly understand the dynamic process of biophysical and social systems under the HEM concept. Patch analysis of using landscape transition comparisons and process analysis of using integrating models to describe the changing patterns of both environmental and social systems are often employed. The human ecosystem model has been applied to the natural resources management such as national park system, protected areas, and community-based natural conservation frameworks.

"The transition of environment in Taiwan : social disturbances, policy attributions, and spatial distributions" is the research title that was part of residence research at School of Forestry and Environmental Studies of Yale University (2002-2003), founded by the Fulbright Scholar Award. The purpose of this study is to examine the interrelationships between economic growth and the effects on the biophysical environment in Taiwan . The three-dimension analysis to environmental transition of Taiwan was tried to portrait the policy influences of spatial scales in environmental pollution and reciprocal influences of social adjustments for past fifty years in Taiwan's development. The most important feedback signals coming from the biophysical environment had influenced the process of human social system in transition. Social institution, social cycle, and social order such as the creating of Taiwan EPA, grass-root organizations, as well as the industrial development strategy change, more protected areas in Taiwan were those of reflecting the pressure raising form biophysical environmental and hence the adaptation. With its specially historical and political background, Taiwan 's development has been strongly influenced by its political economy situations. My research interest is to investigate how an increasing stress to governments to integrate environmental protection into economic development policies proceeded. Are these stresses big enough to the society for a sustainable environment of Taiwan ?

Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment has been promulgated since 1994 in Taiwan. However, the Committee of Environmental Impact Assessment of Taiwan EPA has reviewed only four cases. Government agents are hesitated to submit their policies to do SEIA; meanwhile Taiwanese EPA is not ready for supervising the SEIA review process due to having the weak role of making decision in the cabinet of Executive Yuan of R.O.C. My interest is to evaluate public policies of significant environmental impacts in which the necessary SEIA guidelines have to be set up and the consequent environmental impacts of policy evaluations must to be enhanced.

Sustainable Development Indicator Studies (Local Agenda 21). The objective of this study is double folds, the policy evaluations of sustainable development indicators (SDIs) and implementation analysis of environmental protection programs, both on nation and local levels. Environmental indicators are statutory evaluation tools for governmental implementation programs. Three indicator groups, environmental quality, pollution abatement, and environmental management indicators are classified, including SDIs adapted from ‘Sustainable Taiwan Indicators'. Although SDIs usages have been consensus for all local governments in Taiwan how to build SDIs of ‘bottom-up' process and establish SDIs' linkage relationships between human society and natural environment have not done much work yet. This study suggests that a conceptual framework of human society and natural environment interactions has to be initiated. The SDIs indicators could be chosen as the collective actions from citizens and bottom-up process are launched.

The resident's recognition of the resource and user attributes: influences of participation modes in resource management. The community forestry is an emphasis on community participation and sharing of results of the implementation of forest management and ways of thinking. There are a number of academic articles concluded the importance of public participation in resource management. In a local forest plan, participation could be a process of information collection and facilitate communication through better information. Resident participation also resulted in a customs norms or established common understanding or trust for resources users. More importantly, community participation in the operation could increase organization’s effectiveness and ability to lead the field of vision. The purpose of this study is to analyze empirically and quantitatively the degree of community participation that affects resident recognition in the resource and user attributes. The degree of community participation was specified by five participatory indicators, the number of participation in community affairs, whether to join community organizations, whether to be cadres in community organization, the number of visits to other communities, and whether to participate in other organization. A modified framework of Poteete and Ostrom was employed as four attributes for the resource and eight attributes for the user. We distributed 640 questionnaires in March, April, and May, 2011 at Nou-Li and Mei-Nung community. The result showed that most attributes of the user were significantly affected by various modes of participation as well as degree of participation. The higher participation levels have the higher agreement towards attributes of the user. Furthermore, attributes of the resource are not all affected significantly by the participation level and mode. Attributes of the resource consist of feasible improvement, indicators, predictability, and spatial content. We believe information communication through community forestry program is still undertaking and insignificant in participation levels.

SELECTED PUBLICATION

1.     Hurng-Jyuhn Wang, 1996. A System Analysis of Air Pollution and Economic Structure: Taiwan Case. Journal of Management and System 3(1): 95-115. Taiwan

2.     Hurng-Jyuhn Wang, Su-Cherng Hu, and Chieh-Chich Kao. 1998. An Economic Evaluation of Two Watershed Management Practices in Taiwan. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 343):595-602. USA

3.     Hurng-Jyuhn Wang and Yung-Ching Cheng. 1999. Sustainable Development of Slope-Lands Uses: The Case of Shui-Li Creek Watershed. In Water Resources Planning and Management. Singh, V. P. et. al. (eds.), Colorado: Water Resources Publications, LLC. PP. 113-122. USA.

4.     Hurng-Jyuhn Wang. 2001 Reexamine Sustainable Development: Definitions and Taiwan's Approaches. International Journal of Urban Sciences 4(1):67-80. Korea

5.     Hurng-Jyuhn Wang and John Wu. 2005. Community-Based Conservation Management: Strategies and Modeling of Wildlife Refuge at Shin-Wu-Lue Creek. Agriculture and Economics (35): 119-138. Taiwan

6.     Wang, Hurng-Jyuhn, 2009, Indigenous People of Taiwan. In Porsche-Ludwig, Markus and Chu, Chin-peng (eds.): The Political System of Taiwan., Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. 286pp, Germany.

7.     Wang HJ, Wu CS, Chen YH. (2011) Agricultural land uses and soil erosion control: The human ecosystem model application at Shui-Li creek watershed. Taiwan J For Sci. 264):371-82. Taiwan

8.     Wang, H. J., C. S. Wu, Y. Y. Huang, and J. R. Parkins (2013) Mapping the cognitive environment of fifth graders: an empirical analysis for use in environmental planning. AI & Society (forthcoming), Springer-London, UK 

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